Virtualization

OVMF (Open Virtual Machine Firmware)

http://www.linux-kvm.org/downloads/lersek/ovmf-whitepaper-c770f8c.txt a sub-project of Intel's EFI Development Kit II (edk2)

IOMMU

https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/Intel-IOMMU.txt https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Pci_passthrough https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/PCI_passthrough_via_OVMF https://github.com/awilliam/rom-parser https://github.com/systemdaemon/systemd/blob/master/src/linux/Documentation/vfio.txt

intel_iommu=on kvm-intel.nested=1

Xen vs KVM

http://drsalbertspijkers.blogspot.co.uk/2017/05/kvm-kernel-virtual-machine-or-xen.html

Xen

https://www.xenproject.org/users/getting-started.html Xen Project and Performance

https://wiki.xenproject.org/wiki/Compiling_Xen_From_Source

apt-get build-dep xen # `deb-src` required
make xenconfig # kernel 4.2+

https://wiki.debian.org/Xen

apt-get install xen-system

VSphere / ESXi

Raw disk mapping (RDM)

ls -alh /vmfs/devices/disks
vmkfstools -r /vmfs/devices/disks/<device> example.vmdk
vmkfstools -z /vmfs/devices/disks/<device> example.vmdk

Ref

Config

Ref

Backup

vim-cmd hostsvc/firmware/backup_config

Restore

vim-cmd hostsvc/maintenance_mode_enter
vim-cmd hostsvc/firmware/restore_config /tmp/configBundle.tgz

vmdk

vmkfstools -i "source.vmdk" -d thin "destination.vmdk"

The tool also reverts a vmdk which was blown up, back into a thin file! (Ref)

Inject driver

http://www.v-front.de/2014/12/how-to-make-your-unsupported-nic-work.html https://vibsdepot.v-front.de/wiki/index.php/List_of_currently_available_ESXi_packages http://www.v-front.de/p/esxi-customizer-ps.html

Vagrant

https://atlas.hashicorp.com/boxes/ Get Direct link: https://github.com/everyx/vagrant-box-download-helper-everyx.user.js

sudo apt-get install vagrant
sudo apt-get install libz-dev
vagrant plugin install vagrant-mutate
vagrant mutate http://files.vagrantup.com/precise32.box libvirt
vagrant plugin install vagrant-libvirt
vagrant plugin install vagrant-lxc
vagrant box add hashicorp/precise64 && tar *.box -C out_folder

LXD

https://www.ubuntu.com/cloud/lxd http://insights.ubuntu.com/2016/03/14/the-lxd-2-0-story-prologue/ https://insights.ubuntu.com/2016/04/13/stephane-graber-lxd-2-0-docker-in-lxd-712/

https://github.com/lxc/lxd#how-can-i-run-docker-inside-a-lxd-container

oVirt

yum install http://resources.ovirt.org/pub/yum-repo/ovirt-release41.rpm
yum -y install ovirt-engine
engine-setup

Intel vPro

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_vPro Intel vPro technology is an umbrella marketing term used by Intel for a large collection of computer hardware technologies, including Hyperthreading, Turbo Boost 3.0, VT-x, VT-d, Trusted Execution Technology (TXT), and Intel Active Management Technology (AMT).[1] When the vPro brand was launched (circa 2007), it was identified primarily with AMT,[2][3] thus some journalists still consider AMT to be the essence of vPro.[4]

Q35

https://www.linux-kvm.org/images/0/06/2012-forum-Q35.pdf

Q35 has IOMMU
Q35 has PCIe Switches vs PCI Bridges (I440FX/PIIX4)

https://wiki.qemu.org/Features/Q35

OSX on KVM

https://github.com/kholia/OSX-KVM

https://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~somlo/OSXKVM/

Hyper-V

Check support

systeminfo

Turn Off

C:\>bcdedit /copy {current} /d "No Hyper-V"
The entry was successfully copied to {ff-23-113-824e-5c5144ea}.
C:\>bcdedit /set {ff-23-113-824e-5c5144ea} hypervisorlaunchtype off
The operation completed successfully.