Docs

https://kubernetes.io/docs/setup/pick-right-solution/#table-of-solutions

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/cheatsheet/

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/docker-cli-to-kubectl/

kubectl run --image=nginx nginx-app --port=80 --env="DOMAIN=cluster" # deployment "nginx-app" created
kubectl expose deployment nginx-app --port=80 --name=nginx-http      # service "nginx-http" exposed
kubectl exec nginx-app-5jyvm -- cat /etc/hostname

kubectl get deployment
kubectl get pods -a
kubectl logs <pod_name>
kubectl version --short

Objects

https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/overview/working-with-objects/kubernetes-objects/

persistent entities
All objects in REST API are identified by a Name(such as /api/v1/pods/some-name) and a UID.
For non-unique user-provided attributes, Kubernetes provides labels and annotations.

namespaces

multiple virtual clusters backed by the same physical cluster

kubectl get namespaces

NAME             STATUS    AGE
default          Active    59d
ibm-cert-store   Active    59d
ibm-system       Active    59d
kube-public      Active    59d
kube-system      Active    59d

default: for objects with no other namespace
kube-system: created by the Kubernetes system
kube-public: readable by all users. reserved for cluster usage, in case that some resources should be visible and readable publicly throughout the whole cluster. The public aspect of this namespace is only a convention, not a requirement

controllers

ReplicaSet

ReplicaSet is the next-generation Replication Controller.
ReplicaSet supports the new set-based selector requirements

kubectl get pods -l 'environment,environment notin (frontend)'

Replication Controller

only supports equality-based selector requirements.

kubectl get pods -l environment=production,tier=frontend

Deployment controller

https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/controllers/deployment/
provides declarative updates for Pods and ReplicaSets.

StatefulSet

workload API object used to manage stateful applications.
Unlike a Deployment, a StatefulSet maintains a sticky identity for each of their Pods.

Stable, unique network identifiers.
Stable, persistent storage.
Ordered, graceful deployment and scaling.
Ordered, graceful deletion and termination.
Ordered, automated rolling updates.

DaemonSet

ensures that all (or some) Nodes run a copy of a Pod.

Job & CronJob

https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/controllers/jobs-run-to-completion/

kubectl

https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl/

curl -LO https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/$( \
    curl -s https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/stable.txt \
    )/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl
chmod +x kubectl && mv kubectl /usr/local/bin/

sudo snap install kubectl --classic

kubectl get nodes
export KUBECONFIG=/path/to/kube-config-mil01-mycluster.yml # 
kubectl proxy --address='0.0.0.0' --accept-hosts='.*' --port=8080
kubectl proxy --address=$IP_Private --accept-hosts='^.*$' # http://...:8080/ui

dashboard admin

https://github.com/kubernetes/dashboard/wiki/Access-control#admin-privileges

expose

https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/access-application-cluster/port-forward-access-application-cluster/

kubectl port-forward redis-master 6379:6379

kubectl expose -h

pod (po), service (svc), replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), replicaset (rs)

# Create a service for a replicated nginx, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000.
kubectl expose rc nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

# Create a service for a replication controller identified by type and name specified in "nginx-controller.yaml",
which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000.
kubectl expose -f nginx-controller.yaml --port=80 --target-port=8000

# Create a service for a pod valid-pod, which serves on port 444 with the name "frontend"
kubectl expose pod valid-pod --port=444 --name=frontend

# Create a second service based on the above service, exposing the container port 8443 as port 443 with the name
"nginx-https"
kubectl expose service nginx --port=443 --target-port=8443 --name=nginx-https

# Create a service for a replicated streaming application on port 4100 balancing UDP traffic and named 'video-stream'.
kubectl expose rc streamer --port=4100 --protocol=udp --name=video-stream

# Create a service for a replicated nginx using replica set, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on
port 8000.
kubectl expose rs nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

# Create a service for an nginx deployment, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000.
kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

token

kubectl describe secret
kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[0].user.auth-provider.config.id-token}'

Tutorial

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx
kubectl create deployment nginx --image nginx   # do the same thing as above

kubectl expose deployment/nginx --name=nginx --type=NodePort --port=80 --target-port=80
kubectl describe services nginx

kubectl run hello-world --replicas=2 \
    --labels="run=load-balancer-example" \
    --image=gcr.io/google-samples/node-hello:1.0  \
    --port=8080

kubectl get deployments hello-world
kubectl describe deployments hello-world

kubectl get replicasets
kubectl describe replicasets

kubectl expose deployment hello-world --type=LoadBalancer --name=my-service
kubectl describe services my-service

kubectl get services

yaml

Release 1.8: apps/v1beta1 -> apps/v1beta2; 1.9: -> apps/v1

kubectl create -f nginx.yaml
kubectl replace -f nginx.yaml   # updates from another source will be lost
kubectl delete -f nginx.yaml -f redis.yaml

kubectl apply supports multiple writers to the same object.

kubectl apply -f configs/
kubectl apply -R -f configs/    # Recursively 

kubectl get -f https://example.com/x.yaml -o yaml                   # print
kubectl get <kind>/<name> -o yaml --export > <kind>_<name>.yaml     # export

syntax

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/generated/kubernetes-api/v1.9/ https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/overview/object-management-kubectl/declarative-config/

env

https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/inject-data-application/define-environment-variable-container/

Command and Arguments

https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/inject-data-application/define-command-argument-container/

Description Docker field name Kubernetes field name
The command run by the container Entrypoint command
The arguments passed to the command Cmd args
spec:
containers:
- name: command-demo-container
    image: debian
    command: ["printenv"]
    args: ["HOSTNAME", "KUBERNETES_PORT"]

    command:
    - sh
    - -c
    - while true; do sleep 1; done

Example: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/blob/master/examples/guestbook/all-in-one/guestbook-all-in-one.yaml

Verbosity

Verbosity Description
--v=0 Generally useful for this to ALWAYS be visible to an operator.
--v=1 A reasonable default log level if you don’t want verbosity.
--v=2 Useful steady state information about the service and important log messages that may correlate to significant changes in the system. This is the recommended default log level for most systems.
--v=3 Extended information about changes.
--v=4 Debug level verbosity.
--v=6 Display requested resources.
--v=7 Display HTTP request headers.
--v=8 Display HTTP request contents.

minikube

https://github.com/kubernetes/minikube

curl -Lo minikube https://storage.googleapis.com/minikube/releases/latest/minikube-linux-amd64
chmod +x minikube kubectl && sudo mv minikube /usr/local/bin/

KVM

https://github.com/kubernetes/minikube/blob/master/docs/drivers.md#kvm-driver

sudo usermod -a -G libvirt $(whoami)
newgrp libvirt
minikube config set vm-driver kvm

https://github.com/dhiltgen/docker-machine-kvm https://github.com/docker/machine/releases

kops

https://github.com/kubernetes/kops#linux
kubectl for clusters

Create a Cluster

https://kubernetes.io/docs/setup/independent/create-cluster-kubeadm/ https://kubernetes.io/docs/getting-started-guides/scratch/#designing-and-preparing

Persistent Volumes

https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/persistent-volumes/

apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
name: pv0003
spec:
capacity:
    storage: 5Gi
volumeMode: Filesystem
accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Recycle
storageClassName: slow
mountOptions:
    - hard
    - nfsvers=4.1
nfs:
    path: /tmp
    server: 172.17.0.2
Volume Plugin ReadWriteOnce ReadOnlyMany ReadWriteMany
AWSElasticBlockStore - -
AzureFile
AzureDisk - -
CephFS
Cinder - -
FC -
FlexVolume -
Flocker - -
GCEPersistentDisk -
Glusterfs
HostPath - -
iSCSI -
PhotonPersistentDisk - -
Quobyte
NFS
RBD -
VsphereVolume - - (works when pods are collocated)
PortworxVolume -
ScaleIO -
StorageOS - -

helm - package manager

https://docs.helm.sh/using_helm/#quickstart

WebUI

https://github.com/kubernetes-helm/monocular

helm repo add monocular https://kubernetes-helm.github.io/monocular
helm install monocular/monocular
kubectl get ingress

https://github.com/kubeapps/hub
navigate and search Helm Charts.

Hub

https://hub.kubeapps.com/

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